Alopecia is a common condition that can cause hair loss. There are many different types of Alopecia, ranging from those which cause small patches of hair to shed, to those that cause complete hair loss.
What causes Alopecia (AA, AU, AT)?
Alopecia is an autoimmune condition. When you have an autoimmune disease, your immune system attacks your own body, and in the case of Alopecia, it’s the hair follicles that are attacked.
For women, Alopecia can be very distressing. Sometimes hair loss can happen gradually, and in some cases, complete hair loss can occur within a week.
Some of the most common types of Alopecia are:
Alopecia Areata (AA)
This causes hair loss in patches and it can occur anywhere on the body.
Alopecia Totalis (AT)
This is the total loss of hair on the scalp.
Cicatricial Alopecia (scarring Alopecia)
This condition destroys the hair follicles, which are replaced by scar tissue, and this causes permanent hair loss.
We advise every client that they should visit a Trichologist before opting for permanent hair replacements.
Frontal fibrosing alopecia
This condition is a form of scarring alopecia which affects the hair on the front of the scalp. The hairline recedes gradually, and the amount of hair loss varies from person to person. Hair around the ears and the eyebrows can also be affected. Once a hair has fallen out, it won’t regrow, and the skin might be left looking paler than the surrounding skin.
Frontal fibrosing alopecia is most often seen in women who have gone through the menopause, though it can rarely affect pre-menopausal women and even men.
What causes frontal fibrosing alopecia?
The cause of the condition is not known and why it only affects the hair on the front of the scalp is unclear. It’s thought that it may be caused by cells from the immune system attacking the hair follicles, and hormones may also play a role in the development of the condition.